CSIR-Central Leather Research Institute
Dr.B. Chandrasekaran
Director
Academic Qualifications
Contact Details
Dr.B. Chandrasekaran
Director
Chairman - Leather Products Cluster
Centre for Leather Apparel & Accessories Development (CLAD)
CSIR-Central Leather Research Institute
Adyar, Chennai – 600 020
e-mail: bchandru@clri.res.in,
Phone:91-44-24416889


Area of Specialization
  • Leather Technology
  • Cleaner Production Technologies
  • Leather Education
  • Leather Product Design & Development
  • CAD Techniques for Leather Product Design
  • Organizational Development
  • Consultancy in R&D and Organizational Excellence
  • QMS
  • Inter-Institutional Cooperation
  • Global R&D Consultancy
Professional Qualification
  • Leather Garment Design and Development (ESMOD, Paris, France)
  • ISO 9000 Certification / Implementation (Indian Register Quality System - Accredited by the Dutch Council for Accreditation)
Academic/Research Experience/Employment
Sl.No

From

To Name of Organization Position Held
1.

1986

1988

CSIR-CLRI

Senior Research Fellow

Nature of Duties: New high exhaust and low waste chrome tanning materials and methods
2.

1989

May, 1991

CSIR-CLRI

Research Associate
Nature of Duties: New high exhaust and low waste chrome tanning materials and methods
3.

May, 1991

April, 1996

CSIR-CLRI

Scientist C

Nature of Duties: Education and Training, organization of short and long term courses in various areas of leather such as leather processing, leather products design and development, CAD for leather apparel design

Number and kind of employees supervised: 2 Scientists+ 2 Technical Assistants
4.

May, 1996

April, 2001

CSIR-CLRI

Scientist EI

Nature of duties: project leader for in-house R&D projects, project leader for leather product development including leather apparel and accessories. Specialization in computer aided design for leather products. Industrial consultancy service in products design and production. New material development for products. Organizing training programs UNIDO/UNDP assisted project in leather goods and apparel manufacture. Setting up of modern CAD centre for leather products under UNIDO/UNDP assistance. Human resource development for leather sector. Successfully coordinated setting up of training facilities in 20 different places across the country for leather products design and manufacture. Coordinated national level mission project- Leather Technology Mission – in leather products and instrumental in establishing training cum production facilities under public-private partnership. Participation in range building in leather products for the industry.

Number and kind of employees supervised: 9 (3 Scientists and 3 Technical assistants + 3 Technician)
5.

May, 2001

Dec, 2005

CSIR-CLRI

Scientist EII

Nature of duties:  project coordinator for in-house R&D projects. Coordinated the activities in Centre for Leather Apparel and Accessories Development (CLAD). Successfully initiated new training programs in CAD for fashion designing in apparel. Project coordinator under HRD mission for enhancing the human resources for leather products sector.
Took over as head of leather apparel section.

Number and kind of employees supervised: 10 (4 Scientists and 6 Technical assistants + 3 Technician)
6.

Jan, 2006

Dec, 2010

CSIR-CLRI

Scientist F

Nature of duties:  Coordination of research and development as well as Human Resource Development activities relating to leather products in one of the World’s largest leather research centers in the capacity of a senior level professional manager and head to two of the important domain areas in the institute namely Center for Leather Apparel and Accessories Development (CLAD) and Center for Human Organizational Resources Development (CHORD).

Project coordinator for Leather Products Design Centre – A joint project of CSIR, DIPP (Ministry of Commerce) and the Industry.

  • Duties involve
    • Building technology intelligence in the domain area of leather products with respect to design, product development and marketing as well as expertise and skill needs,
    • Identification of technology gaps and mapping of needs,
    • Planning of resource needs and preparation of budgets,
    • Mobilization of financial resources from both internal and external sources,
    • Connecting resources with pre selected programs,
    • Overseeing the implementation of the R&D and HRD programs,
    • Matching the flow of input resources with the deliverables and outputs,
    • Motivation and empowerment of coworkers and colleagues by providing appropriate leadership inputs, and
    • Remain accountable for the performance of the two domain areas being coordinated
  • Major tasks completed and currently undertaken
    • Preparation of Project Report for the Establishment of State of the Art design Center for leather products including footwear, leather apparels and Accessories as life style products with an estimated budget outlay of about US $ 5 million to be funded by the Government of India
    • Invited by Ministry of Industrialization, Govt. of Kenya to provide assistance for setting up of Integrated Leather Industrial park.
    • Assisted High level Ministerial delegation from Kenya and Ethiopia for establishing linkages with Indian stake holders (Industry and R&D Institutions) for business promotion – MIDI, Ethiopia with CSIR Labs
    • Coordinated several projects on HRD needs of the Indian leather product sector covering about 25,000 trainees as a part of HRD mission
    • Developed curricula and educational tools and materials for under graduate, diploma and certificate courses in leather and leather product sector for a net work of training institutions
    • Initiated international linkage with about 10 countries on leather product research and development as well as HRD areas
    • Heading currently one of the largest sources of graduate engineers in leather related technology education centers in the world with a total student and training strength of over 600 per annum. (Head, Department of Leather technology, Anna University).
Number and kind of employees supervised: 21 (9 Scientists + 4 Technical Officers + 8 Technicians)
7.

Jan, 2011

Feb, 2016

CSIR-CLRI

Chief Scientist

Nature of duties:  

  • Coordination of research and development as well as Human Resource Development activities relating to leather and leather products in one of the World's largest leather research centers in the capacity of a senior level professional manager and head of two of the important domain areas in the institute namely Center for Leather Apparel and Accessories Development (CLAD) and Center for Human Organizational Resources Development (CHORD).
  • Coordinated the National Monitoring Unit (NMU) of DIPP, GOI during the 11th Plan Period (2007-12) at the cost of Rs. 1.80 Crores.
  • Coordinated the Twinning Program I successfully (6 million US$) and signed a fresh Twinning Program II (2.8 million US$) to provide value added services for the capacity building of Leather Industry Development Institute (LIDI), Ethiopia with a total budget outlay of ~ 9 million US $ (- Rs. 50 Crores). This is the first of its kind in the history of CSIR to be executed by a National Laboratory.
  • Coordinating the NMU Project of DIPP for the 12th Plan Period. The new Project will have a budget outlay of Rs. 4.5 Crores.

Major tasks completed and currently undertaken

  • Preparation of a Three year Action Plan for the execution of the Twinning Program at Leather Industry Development Institute (LIDI) Ethiopia
  • MoU Between Addis Ababa Institute of Technology (AAiT), LIDI and CSIR-CLRI in strengthening the academic programs in Leather
  • Signed a new Contract with LIDI for a further period of Two years at the cost of US$ 2.8 million
  • Coordinating several projects on HRD needs of the Indian leather product sector as a part of HRD mission and Support to Artisans of DIPP GOI through NMU
  • Developed curricula and educational tools and materials for under graduate, diploma and certificate courses in leather and leather product sector for a network of training institutions including Anna University Chennai & AAiT, Addis Ababa
  • Pursuing international linkages and opportunities with about 10 countries in leather and leather products including research and development programs
  • Heading currently one of the largest sources of graduate engineers in leather related technology education centers in the world with a total student and training strength of over 600 per annum (Head, Department of Leather Technology, Anna University)
  • Near 100% placement achieved for the B Tech and M Tech Students of Anna University trained at CSIR-CLRI during the last 7 years thereby setting a trend in the history of Anna University
  • Development of skill based curriculum for leather and products sector in association with Leather Sector Skill Council, Min. of Skills, GOI
Number and kind of employees supervised: 15 (9 Scientists + 2 Technical Officers+ 4 Technicians)
8.

Feb, 2016

Till Date

CSIR-CLRI

Director

Professional Affiliations
  • Life-Member, Indian Leather Technologists' Association.
  • Vice-President, Indian Leather Technologists' Association
  • Life-Member, A.C. Tech Leather and Footwear Alumni Association (ALFA)
  • Member, ISO/TC/120, SC 3 – Leather
  • Member, American Leather Chemists Association
  • Member, International Union of Leather Technologists and Chemists Society
  • Head, Department of Leather Technology, Anna University
Top

Twinning program for Leather Industry Development Institute for (Ministry of Industry, FDRE)

Genesis: Ethiopian leather sector is considered as one of the important sector for the growth of the country. Ethiopia enjoys the first postion in Africa and tenth in the global scenario in hides and skins production. The successful implementation of benchmarking program for Ethiopian leather sector which had addressed technology upgradation from semi finished leather has also opened up challenges and opportunities for the country. Leather Industry Development Institute which had been founded in 2001 addresses the needs of the Ethipian Leather sector. CLRI had been invited to lead a Benchmarking Program for Leather sector in 2010 which had been concluded in 2011 with great success. However the recent developments and advancements made in this sector has necessitated the need to upgrade the capacity of LIDI. A ministerial level delegation from Ethiopia Visited CLRI May 2011 and have informally agreed to make CLRI as the nodal organization for carrying out the capacity building of LIDI through a Twinning Program.

The Ministry of Industry has signed this historic Twinning program with Central Leather Research Institute, the world's largest leather research organization in June 2011. A GAP analysis was carried out and possible areas of intervention and activities had been finalized. CLRI has carried out the twinning program for the last three years with Footwear Design & Development Institute [FDDI] as its technical partner.

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National Monitoring Unit(NMU) Project

Successful completion of a project as National Monitoring Unit (NMU) from the Min. of Ind. & Comm., GOI for monitoring HRD and Support to Artisan programmes during the XI Plan period and winning the contract for the tune of Rs. 1.80 Crores has restored the credibility of CSIR-CLRI in serving the national cause. As the project coordinator, ensured the smooth conductance of this major activity with the establishment of Management Information System (MIS). CSIR-CLRI now has bagged the project as NMU for the 12th Plan Period also with an expected outlay of Rs. 4.50 Crores.

Significant Contributions
  1. Currently Project Coordinator for Twinning Program, a CSIR’s prestigious International Consultancy assignment in Ethiopia which focuses on capacity building of Leather Industry Development Institute (LIDI), Ethiopia with an outlay of ~6.0 million US$. CLRI has been awarded 4.0 million US$ (24 Crores). The project has been completed in November 2014 and CLRI has been awarded Twinning II, A phase 2 project focusing on value addition to services rendered during Twinning I. The new project is for a total of 2.8 million US$, with CLRI bagging ~2.0 million US$. (12 Crores)

  2. Successful completion of Twinning I has also made this assignment a role model for other sectors in Ethiopia to emulate. Have been instrumental in negotiating for similar services in the metal and engineering sector in Ethiopia. Have coordinated the visit of high level delegation from Ethiopia to visit CSIR laboratories (NML, CMERI, IMMT, CSIO, CEERI).

  3. Served as a capacitating member of CSIR delegation for carrying out GAP analysis for Metal Industry Development Institute (MIDI), Ethiopia which will be going for a new Twinning Project with the above CSIR laboratories. Similar projects are in pipeline for Food and Pharma Sectors of Ethiopia with other potential CSIR Laboratories.

  4. Been invited by the Ministry of Industrialization, Kenya as expert in assisting them formulate a project for establishing Integrated Leather Industrial Park at Nairobi. Coordinated visit of High level Ministerial delegation from Kenya to India, which has led to CLRI submitting a proposal for setting up of Integrated Leather Park in Nairobi.

  5. Heading currently one of the largest sources of graduate engineers in leather related technology education centers in the world with a total student and training strength of over 300 per annum (Head, Department of Leather Technology, Anna University) and additional 250 Project interns from various academic institutions in the country.

  6. One of the principle leaders in a new project envisaged for the 11th five year plan (2008-12), namely Design Innovation Center for Life Style Products for providing designers for the leather products sector.

  7. Designed a regulated mechanism to offer scientific project training for students of Indian academic institutions both at Bachelors and Masters level at CLRI.

  8. Networking of all the educational institutions in the country offering degree, diploma and certificate level courses for strengthening their infrastructure and standardization of the curriculum for academic and vocational programs paving way for “Make In India” Project with Min. of Skills and Leather Sector Skill Council (LSSC)

  9. Generated ECF for CLRI during the last 5 years to the tune of 27 Crores, and ensuring ECF of nearly 8 Crores per annum for the next three years
List of publications in peer reviewed International Journals
  1. Jima Demisie W, Palanisamy T, Kaliappa K, Kavati P, Chandrasekaran B. Concurrent genesis of color and electrical conductivity in leathers through in‐situ polymerization of aniline for smart product applications. Polymers for Advanced Technologies, 2015;26:521-7.
  2. Woynshet G, Phebe K, Thanikaivelan P, Krishnaraj K, Chandrasekaran B. Influence of Sewing Threads on Seam Pucker of Sheep Nappa Leathers. J Soc Leath Tech Ch 2014;98:158-62.
  3. Usharani N, Jayakumar GC, Rao JR, Chandrasekaran B, Nair BU. A microscopic evaluation of collagen-bilirubin interactions: in vitro surface phenomenon. Journal of Microscopy 2014;253:109-18.
  4. Sundarapandiyan S, Renitha TS, Sridevi J, Chandrasekaran B, Saravanan P, Raju GB. Mechanistic insight into active chlorine species mediated electrochemical degradation of recalcitrant phenolic polymers. Rsc Advances 2014;4:59821-30.
  5. Phebe K, Krishnaraj K, Chandrasekaran B. Evaluating performance characteristics of different fusible intertinings. Indian Journal of Fibre & Textile Research 2014;39:380-5.
  6. Nagarajan U, Kawakami K, Zhang S, Chandrasekaran B, Nair BU. Fabrication of Solid Collagen Nanoparticles Using Electrospray Deposition. Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin 2014;62:422-8.
  7. Deepa S, Ramesh Kannan P and Chandrasekaran B, Effect of Tannery Soaking Water on Antioxidant Enzymes of Salicornia Brachiata, Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci., 2014, 3(2), 359-367
  8. Deepa S, Sripriya N and Chandrasekaran B, Studies on the Phytochemistry, Spectroscopic Charachterization and Antibacterial Efficacy of Salicornia brachiata, International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2014, 6(6), 430-432
  9. Kanagaraj J, Tamil Selvi A, Senthilvelan T, Chandra Babu N K, Chandrasekaran B., Evaluation of New Bacteriocin as a Potential Short-Term Preservative for Goat Skin. American Journal of Microbiological Research. 2014, 2: 3, 86-93
  10. Tamil Selvi A, Thilagam M, Chandrasekaran B, Rose C. Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activities of Bixa orellana L. Leaf Extract. International Journal of Indigenous Medical Plants. 2014, 47:1, ISSN: 2051-4263, 1519
  11. Vasagam SN, Madhan B, Chandrasekaran B, Rao JR. Studies on selective defect identification of crust leathers for computer-aided grading. J Am Leather Chem As 2013;108:210-20.
  12. Usharani N, Jayakumar GC, Kanth SV, Rao JR, Chandrasekaran B, Nair BU. Identification of Bilirubin Binding Site in Type I Collagen. International Journal of Peptide Research and Therapeutics 2013;19:357-64.
  13. Nagarajan U, Christopher JG, Rao JR, Chandrasekaran B, Balachandran UN. Studies on the chemico-biological characteristics of bilirubin binding with collagen. Materials Science & Engineering C-Materials for Biological Applications 2013;33:4965-71.
  14. Deepa Santhanakrishnanac, Ramesh Kannan Perumala, Swarna Vinodh Kantha, Raghava Rao Jonnalagaddab and Chandrasekaran Bangaru, Studies on the physiological and biochemical characteristics of Salicornia brachiata: influence of saline stress due to soaking wastewater of tannery; Desalination and Water Treatment, 2013, 52(31-33), P 6022-29
  15. Nagarajan U, Christopher JG, Chandrasekaran B, Rao JR, Balachandran UN, Kohsaku K. Studies on the molecular significance in the interaction of bilirubin with collagen. Int J Biol Macromol 2013;61:404-10.
  16. Ashokkumar M, Narayanan NT, Gupta BK, Reddy ALM, Singh AP, Dhawan SK, Chandrasekaran B, et al. Conversion of Industrial Bio-Waste into Useful Nanomaterials. Acs Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2013;1:619-26.
  17. Anumary A, Thanikaivelan P, Ashokkumar M, Kumar R, Sehgal PK, Chandrasekaran B. Synthesis and Characterization of Hybrid Biodegradable Films From Bovine Hide Collagen and Cellulose Derivatives for Biomedical Applications. Soft Materials 2013;11:181-94.
  18. Amsaveni M, Anumary A, Ashokkumar M, Chandrasekaran B, Thanikaivelan P. Green Synthesis and Characterization of Hybrid Collagen-Cellulose-Albumin Biofibers from Skin Waste. Applied biochemistry and biotechnology 2013;171:1500-12.
  19. Thilagam M, Tamil Selvi A, Chandrasekeran B, Rose C. Phyto synthesis of silver nanoparticles using medicinal and dye yielding plant of Bixa orellana L. leaf extract. J. Pharmaceutical & Scientific Innovation. 2013, 2:4, 9-13. (DOI: 10.7897/2277 4572.02441).
  20. Usharani N, Jayakumar GC, Kanth SV, Rao JR, Chandrasekaran B. Molecular Understanding of Collagen Stabilization: Interaction of Valeraldehyde with Collagen. Journal of Macromolecular Science Part a-Pure and Applied Chemistry 2012;49:666-73
  21. Sureshkumar PS, Thanikaivelan P, Phebe K, Krishnaraj K, Jagadeeswaran R, Chandrasekaran B. Investigations on Structural, Mechanical, and Thermal Properties of Pineapple Leaf Fiber-Based Fabrics and Cow Softy Leathers: An Approach Toward Making Amalgamated Leather Products. Journal of Natural Fibers 2012;9:37-50.
  22. Rameshkannan M, Raghu C, Thanikaivelan P, Chandrasekaran B. Mapping alkyl phenol ethoxylates in leathers treated with surfactants and fatliquors: role of enzymes in the removal of apeo. J Am Leather Chem As 2012;107:123-7.
  23. Phebe K, Thanikaivelan P, Krishnaraj K, Chandrasekaran B. Factors influencing the seam efficiency of goat nappa leathers. J Am Leather Chem As 2012;107:78-84.
  24. Kanth SV, Jayakumar GC, Ramkumar SC, Chandrasekaran B, Rao JR, Nair BU. Studies on the development of leathers from formaldehyde-free melamine syntan. J Am Leather Chem As 2012;107:142-8.
  25. Jayakumar GC, Kanth SV, Sai KP, Chandrasekaran B, Rao JR, Nair BU. Scleraldehyde as a stabilizing agent for collagen scaffold preparation. Carbohydrate polymers 2012;87:1482-9.
  26. Ashokkumar M, Narayanan NT, Reddy ALM, Gupta BK, Chandrasekaran B, Talapatra S, et al. Transforming collagen wastes into doped nanocarbons for sustainable energy applications. Green Chemistry 2012;14:1689-95.
  27. Nadiya K, Punitha V, Amsamani S, Rao JR, Chandrasekaran B, Thanikaivelan P, Eco-benign enzymatic dehairing of goatskins utilizing a protease from a Pseudomonas fluorescens species isolated from fish visceral waste. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2012 (04); 25:27-33.
  28. Krishnaraj K, Thanikaivelan P, SureshKumar PS, Jagadeeswaran R and Chandrasekaran B, Thermal insulation studies on leather clothing: Relevance to structure – property relationship, Journal of AQEIC, Vol 63, N3, pp 52-60, 2012
  29. Tamil Selvi A, Anjugam E, Archana Devi R, Madhan B, Kannappan S and Chandrasekaran B. Isolation and Characterization of Bacteria from Tannery Effluent Treatment Plant and Their Tolerance to Heavy Metals and Antibiotics. ASIAN J. EXP. BIOL. SCI. 2012, 3:1, 34 – 41.
  30. Sudha TB, Thanikaivelan P, Ashokkumar M, Chandrasekaran B. Structural and Thermal Investigations of Biomimetically Grown Casein-Soy Hybrid Protein Fibers. Applied biochemistry and biotechnology 2011;163:247-57.
  31. Phebe K, Thanikaivelan P, Krishnaraj K, Chandrasekaran B. Influence of Mechanical Properties of Sheep Nappa Leathers on Seam Efficiency. J Soc Leath Tech Ch 2011;95:16-22.
  32. Musa AE, Tamil Selvi A, Aravindhan R, Madhan B, Fathima A, Rao JR, Chandrasekaran B, et al. Evaluation of antimicrobial activity of lawsonia inermis (henna) against microbial strains isolated from goat skin/leather. J Am Leather Chem As 2011;106:170-5.
  33. Tamil Selvi, A., Dinesh, M. G., Satyan, R. S., Chandrasekaran, B., and Rose C. Leaf and Seed Extracts of Bixa orellana L. Exert anti-microbial activity against bacterial pathogens. J. App Pharm Science, 2011, 01: 116 - 120. ISSN: 2231-3354.
  34. Musa AE, Madhan B, Aravindhan R, Kanth SV, Rao JR, Chandrasekaran B, et al. Studies on the henna-glutaraldehyde combination tanning system. J Am Leather Chem As 2011;106:92-101.
  35. Musa AE, Aravindhan R, Madhan B, Rao JR, Chandrasekaran B. Henna-aluminum combination tannage: a greener alternative tanning system. J Am Leather Chem As 2011;106:190-9.
  36. Murali R, Anumary A, Ashokkumar M, Thanikaivelan P, Chandrasekaran B. Hybrid Biodegradable Films from Collagenous Wastes and Natural Polymers for Biomedical Applications. Waste and Biomass Valorization 2011;2:323-35.
  37. Jayakumar GC, Bala LS, Kanth SV, Chandrasekaran B, Rao JR, Nair BU. Combination tanning system based on dialdehyde alginic acid: an ecofriendly organic approach. J Am Leather Chem As 2011;106:50-8.
  38. Ashokkumar M, Thanikaivelan P, Krishnaraj K, Chandrasekaran B. Transforming Chromium Containing Collagen Wastes Into Flexible Composite Sheets Using Cellulose Derivatives: Structural, Thermal, and Mechanical Investigations. Polymer Composites 2011;32:1009-17.
  39. Ashokkumar M, Thanikaivelan P, Chandrasekaran B. Modulating Chromium Containing Leather Wastes into Improved Composite Sheets Using Polydimethylsiloxane. Polymers & Polymer Composites 2011;19:497-503.
  40. Tamil Selvi A, Shipra S, Krithiga G, Chandrasekaran B and Rose C. Antioxidant and Antimicrobial activity of leaves extract (Tamarindus indica) and its phytochemical characterization. Journal of Pharmacy Research, 2011, 4:12, ISSN: 0974-6943.
  41. Musa AE, Madhan B, Kanth SV, Rao JR, Chandrasekaran B, Gasmelseed GA. Cleaner tanning process for the manufacture of upper leathers. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy 2010;12:381-8.
  42. Krishnaraj K, Thanikaivelan P, Phebeaardn K, Chandrasekaran B. Effect of sewing on the drape of goat suede apparel leathers. International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology 2010;22:358-73.
  43. Krishnaraj K, Thanikaivelan P, Chandrasekaran B. Effect of chromium and tanning method on the drape of goat suede apparel leathers. J Am Leather Chem As 2010;105:71-83.
  44. Krishnaraj K, Thanikaivelan P, Chandrasekaran B. Measurement and Correlation of Drape Coefficient and Related Mechanical Properties of Cow Nappa Apparel Leathers. J Soc Leath Tech Ch 2010;94:212-9.
  45. Kanth SV, Kannan PR, Usharani N, Jayakumar GC, Deepa S, Chandrasekaran B. Studies on the use of enzymes in tanning process: part ii. Kinetics of vegetable tanning process. J Am Leather Chem As 2010;105:16-24.
  46. Jayakumar GC, Kanth SV, Chandrasekaran B, Rao JR, Nair BU. Preparation and antimicrobial activity of scleraldehyde from Schizophyllum commune. Carbohydrate Research 2010;345:2213-9.
  47. Ashokkumar M, Thanikaivelan P, Murali R, Chandrasekaran B. Preparation and Characterization of Composite Sheets from Collagenous and Chromium-Collagen Complex Wastes Using Polyvinylpyrrolidone: Two Problems, One Solution. Waste and Biomass Valorization 2010;1:347-55.
  48. Sudha TB, Thanikaivelan P, Aaron KP, Krishnaraj K, Chandrasekaran B. Comfort, Chemical, Mechanical, and Structural Properties of Natural and Synthetic Leathers Used for Apparel. J Appl Polym Sci 2009;114:1761-7.
  49. Musa AE, Madhan B, Aravindhan R, Rao JR, Chandrasekaran B, Gasmelseed GA. Studies on combination tanning based on henna and oxazolidine. J Am Leather Chem Ass. 2009;104:335-43.
  50. Krishnaraj K, Thanikaivelan P, Chandrasekaran B. Relation between drape and mechanical properties of goat suede garment leathers. J Soc Leath Tech Ch 2009;93:1-7.
  51. Kanth SV, Kannan PR, Usharani N, Jayakumar GC, Yasothai A, Chandrasekaran B. Studies on the use of enzymes in tanning process: part I. High exhaust vegetable tanning. J Am Leather Chem Assn, 2009;104:405-15.
  52. Kannan PR, Kanth SV, Chandrasekaran B, Rao JR, Gnanasekaran CS, Rengasamy R. Phytoremediation of tannery wastewater treated lands: part i: accumulation of Na+ and Cl- in Salicornia brachiata. J Soc Leath Tech Ch 2009;93:233-9.
  53. Kannan PR, Deepa S, Yasothai A, Kanth SV, Rao JR, Chandrasekaran B. Phytoremediation of tannery wastewater treated lands. Part ii: using harvested salicornia brachiata plants for the preservation of sheepskins. J Soc Leath Tech Ch 2009;93:240-4.
  54. Saravanabhavan S, Thanikaivelan P, Raghava Rao J, Chandrasekaran B, Nair BU, Ramasami T and Shelly DC. Performance and Eco-impact of Reverse Processed Hair Sheep Gloving Leather, J Am Leather Chem Assn., 2008;103:303-13.
  55. Krishnaraj K, Thanikaivelan P, Chandrasekaran B. Mechanical properties of sheep nappa leather influencing drape. J Am Leather Chem Assn, 2008;103:215-21.
  56. Thanikawelan P, Krishnaraj K, Chandrasekaran B, Shelly DC, Ramkumar SS. Influence of test length on the tensile properties of upholstery leather: Relation to weak link theory. J Am Leather Chem Assn, 2007;102:10-5
  57. Thanikaivelan P, Bharath CK, Saravanabhavan S, Rao JR, Chandrasekaran B, Chandrababu NK, et al. Integrated hair removal and fiber opening process using mixed enzymes. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy 2007;9:61-8.
  58. Thanikaivelan P, Chandrasekaran B, Bharath CK, Anandhi C, Saravanabhavan S, Rao JR, et al. Single step hair removal and fiber opening process: Simultaneous and successive addition of protease and alpha-amylase. J Am Leather Chem As 2006;101:388-98.
  59. Saravanabhavan S, Rao JR, Nair BU, Thanikaivelan P, Chandrasekaran B. A new leather-making process for meeting eco-label standards: Processing of goatskins. J Am Leather Chem As 2006;101:192-205.
  60. Ayyasamy T, Thanikaivelan P, Chandrasekaran B, Rao JR, Nair BU. Development of an integrated wet finishing process: Manufacture of garment leathers. J Am Leather Chem As 2004;99:367-75.
  61. Aravindhan R, Saravanabhavan S, Rao JR, Nair BU,Thanikaivelan P, Chandrasekaran B, A Bio-Driven Lime and Pickle Free Tanning Paves Way For Greener Garment Leather Production, J Am Leather Chem As 2004; 99:53-66.
  62. Saravanabhavan S, Aravindhan R, Thanikaivelan P, Chandrasekaran B, Rao JR, Nair BU. An integrated eco-friendly tanning method for the manufacture of upper leathers from goatskins. J Soc Leath Tech Ch 2003;87:149-58.
  63. Rao JR, Chandrasekaran B, Nair BU, Ramasami T. Eco-benign management options for cleaner chrome tanning. Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research 2002;61:912-26.
  64. Thanikaivelan P, Ashok A, Chandrasekaran B. Interior leathers: Application of leather as a functional and decorative finish. J Am Leather Chem As 2001;96:23-5.
  65. Chandrasekaran B, Rao JR, Sreeram KJ, Nair BU, Ramasami T. Chrome tanning: State-of-art on the material composition and characterization. Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research 1999;58:1-10.
  66. Rao JR, Chandrasekaran B, Subramanian V, Nair BU, Ramasami T. Physico-chemical and structural studies on leathers tanned using high exhaust basic chromium sulphate salt. J Am Leather Chem As 1998;93:139-47.
Patents Filed/Applied
  1. A novel transposed process for making leather, S. Saravanabhavan, P.Thanikaivelan, J. R. Rao, Chandrasekaran B, B. U. Nair and T. Ramasami,; Applied for Indian and PCT Patent, 389/DELNP/2004, (2003)

  2. A process for the preparation of bio-tanning agent, P.Thanikaivelan, S. Saravanabhavan, J. R. Rao, Chandrasekaran B, B. U. Nair and T. Ramasami, Applied for Indian and PCT Patent (CSIR Ref. No. NF425/04), (2004)

  3. A novel single step process for dehairing and fibre opening using enzymes, P.Thanikaivelan, S. Saravanabhavan, J. R. Rao, Chandrasekaran B, B. U. Nair and T. Ramasami,  Applied for Indian and PCT Patent, 197/DEL/2007, (2005)

  4. A process for the preparation of a mixture of carbonaceous products from proteinaceous materials, P.Thanikaivelan, A. M. Thiruvilan, Chandrasekaran B, J. R. Rao and B. U. Nair, Applied for Indian and PCT Patent, 1625/DEL/2007, (2006)

  5. M. Ashokkumar, P.Thanikaivelan, Chandrasekaran B, An improved process for the preparation of sheets from proteinous sources, Applied for Indian and PCT Patent, 1718DEL2009, (2009)

  6. A novel electrically conducting composite and a process for the preparation thereof, M Ashokkumar, A Anumary, R Murali, P Thanikaivelan, Chandrasekaran B, 209DEL2011, 31/01/2011, 162NF2010

  7. A process for preparing bi-functional leather for smart product application, Mr. J Demisie Wegene, Dr. P Thanikaivelan, Dr. K. Phebe, Dr. K. Krishnaraj, Dr. Chandrasekaran B, 1269Del2014

Patents Granted (India)
  1. S. Saravanabhavan, P.Thanikaivelan, J. R. Rao, Chandrasekaran B, B. U. Nair and T. Ramasami, A transposed process for making wet processed leather, IN225353, 2008.
  2. P.Thanikaivelan, S. Saravanabhavan, J. R. Rao, Chandrasekaran B, B. U. Nair and T. Ramasami, A process for the preparation of bio-tanning agent, IN244982, 2010.
  3. P.Thanikaivelan, S. Saravanabhavan, J. R. Rao, Chandrasekaran B, B. U. Nair and T. Ramasami, An improved process for dehairing and fibre opening of hide/skin, IN256251, 2013.
  4. P.Thanikaivelan, A. M. Thiruvilan, Chandrasekaran B, J. R. Rao and B. U. Nair, A process for the preparation of a mixture of carbonaceous products from proteinaceous materials, IN261502, 2014.
Patents Granted (International)
  1. A process for the preparation of a mixture of carbonaceous products from proteinaceous materials, P.Thanikaivelan, A. M. Thiruvilan, Chandrasekaran B, J. R. Rao and B. U. Nair, WO2009016649, 2009.
  2. An improved process for dehairing and fibre opening of hide/skin, P.Thanikaivelan, S. Saravanabhavan, J. R. Rao, Chandrasekaran B, B. U. Nair and T. Ramasami, CN101484591, 2009; WO2008093353, 2008; DE1120070018275, 2007
  3. Process for the preparation of bio-tanning agent, P. Thanikaivelan, S. Saravanabhavan, J. Raghava Rao, Chandrasekaran B, B. U. Nair and T. Ramasami, EP1844107, 2007; CN101090946, 2007; US20060137103, 2006
  4. Transposed process for making leather, S. Saravanabhavan, P. Thanikaivelan, J. Raghava Rao, Chandrasekaran B, B. U. Nair and T. Ramasami, US7033402, 2006; EP1697548, 2006; BR0318684, 2006; AU2003298467, 2005; KR1020060127416, 2006.
Copy Rights
  1. "PLOTIT", A Software to convert and preview plotter device files and cutter device files; S Srikanth, Chandrasekaran B, K Krishnaraj and PG Rao,
  2. "CADGRADE" A Software for grading apparels and accessories; S Srikanth, Chandrasekaran B, K Krishnaraj and PG Rao
  3. Online course and course materials in leather goods pattern making and fabrication K.Krishnaraj, P.S.Suresh kumar, K. Phebe Aaron, G.Sathiamoorthy, M.Aranganathan, and Chandrasekaran B
Design Rights
  1. “Voyeger Bag” has obtained the Indian Design Registration Application No. 258404. K Karthikeyan, R Jagadeeswaran, K Krishnaraj, Chandrasekaran B and AB Mandal.
Contributed Chapters (Books)
  1. A Course Manual on Leather Garment Pattern Designing, CLRI Publication, 2007

  2. Skiving Manual, CLRI Publication, 2000

  3. Better Chrome Management: A Manual; J Raghava Rao, KJ Sreeram, R.Gayatri, Chandrasekaran B, NK Chandrababu, S Krishnan and T Ramasami, Published under TNO-CLRI(CSIR) Cooperation Programme, 1997

  4. Workers Manual on Chrome Management; J Raghava Rao, KJ Sreeram, R.Gayatri, Chandrasekaran B, NK Chandrababu, S Krishnan and T Ramasami, Published under LTM of Govt. of India in English, Hindi and Tamil, 1995.

  5. Emerging Trends in Chemical Needs of the Leather Sector; T Ramasami, J.Raghava Rao, Chandrasekaran B and NK Chandrababu, Monograph on The Leather Industry, ed. Vijayaraghavan, Kothari Publishers, Madras, 1994.

  6. Value Addition: Leather Garments; Chandrasekaran B and S Sadulla, Monograph on The Leather Industry, ed. Vijayaraghavan, Kothari Publishers, Madras, 1994, p 226.

  7. Value Addition: Leather Goods; Chandrasekaran B and S Sadulla, Monograph on The Leather Industry, ed. Vijayaraghavan, Kothari Publishers, Madras, 1994, P 233.
Honors and Awards
  • Kannammal Memorial Award for Holding First Rank in the M.Tech. (Leather Technology) Course at Anna University, 1985.
  • Sulabh International Award for the paper titled "Management of Chromium Waste in Tanneries" at IIT, Kanpur during the Annual Conference of Indian Association for Environmental Management, 1989.
  • First Place in the Poster Session for the Paper titled "High Exhaust Chrome Tanning System" during the 25th Tanners Get-Together, 1990.
  • AIMO Award for the guided B.Tech. Project on "Washable Garment Leathers" by KJ Sreeram and G Murali, 1994.
Dissertations Supervised
PhD (Completed)
  1. Anthropometric Characterization of Indian Feet, Gautham Gopalakrishna, 2014

  2. Studies on Molecular Interaction of Collagen with Billirubin, Usharani N, 2014

  3. Studies on Phytoremediation of High Saline Lands, Deepa S, 2013

  4. Investigations on Physical Properties of Materials and their Influence in Apparel Making, Phebe Aaron K, 2011

  5. Studies on the Drape and Related Characteristics of Apparel Leathers, Krishnaraj K, 2010

  6. Mechanistic Insight into Degradation of Tannery Wet-Finishing Auxiliaries by Electrochemical Treatment and Advanced Oxidation Techniques, Sundarapandiyan S, 2015

  7. Investigation of Bixa orellana Extracts for Biological Activities and Dyeing of Leather, Tamil Selvi A, awarded, 2016

PhD (Ongoing)
  1. Mechanical and Structural Property of Natural Fiber Based Fabrics vis-a vis Leather as a fabric, Suresh Kumar, PS, Since 2011
  2. Studies on the Influence of Form and Design for the sustained Development of Leather Life Style Products, Karthikeyan K, Since 2013
  3. Studies on e-watse Generation and their Disposal Methodologies, Shanmugasundaram G, Since 2013

MS by Research
  1. Comfort Studies on Leather Apparel with Particular Reference to Thermal Insulation, Krishnaraj K, 2003

  2. Design and Development of a Functional Moulded Artificial Foot Prosthesis, Govindarajan N, 2012